Theme 1 – Physical Fabrics
Lead: Prof. C. Andras Moritz (U of Mass in Amherst)
This Theme not only serves a driver of the Center but also will play a key role in the cross cutting effort amongst all the Centers of FCRP (as described in Section G). We have identified a number of physical fabrics focusing on crosscutting and integration issues at multiple levels, towards the realization of nanoarchitectures. This theme tightly integrates with Themes 2-6 by providing requirements and recommendations (fabric-level evaluation) as well as leveraging components and process steps developed in these themes. Four physical fabric drivers are proposed: (i) Nanowire-CNT Fabric will explore integration of nano-manufacturing sequences, physical processes, devices, and associated techniques to create fault-tolerant logic functionality at high performance and with ultra-low power; (ii) Heterogeneous Fabrics will inspire the creation of new materials, devices, and assembly methods for crossbar memory and reconfigurable logic functions supported by tight CMOS (heterogeneous) integration - we will further develop this notion by adopting CNT and highly correlated and functional materials; (iii) Memory Fabrics based on new wide-band gap nanomaterials and devices to assemble high-density non-volatile memory as a proof-of-concept platform, including the materials and interfacte studies for memory; (iv) Discovery Fabrics will allow for high-risk, new fabric device concepts which can be devised and tested for simple logic, memory and interconnect functionality. One such example is a nonequilibrium fabric in which we will explore the use of non-equilibrium processes, such as spin wave based concepts with new highly efficient methods of spin wave excitation for reduced power dissipation. Another is magneto electronics by combining the unique properties of graphene and multiferroic materials.
The Principal Investigators contributing to this theme include (click to view bio):